Getting Down to the Basics of Diabetes
Diabetes is a disorder which makes the blood sugar levels are above the level that is standard. This results from the inability of the glucose to get into the cells. For their meal that's glucose, the cells begin starving because of lacking this. Glucose is obtained by the body from the food eaten. Muscles and the liver also supply sugar to your body. The sugar is transported by the blood throughout the body. Diabetes is caused by the blood sugar level that is high.
Diabetes can cause serious health problems like kidney failure, blindness, and heart ailments. It's important for patients who have diabetes to have a physician that treat their blood pressure and their own cholesterol levels. They will be able to run glucose levels tests.
The basic features are the same although there are different kinds of diabetes. There is an inherent reason why the body isn't able to use the degree of sugar for energy that leads to the degree of sugar from the body to accumulate over the level that is standard. The main types of diabetes are type 1 and 2. Type 1 is recognized in young adults and children in whom the pancreas doesn't make any insulin. In type 2 diabetes the body is not able to make enough insulin. Sometimes the insulin is ignored by the cells in the body. This makes them to not use glucose the right way. Insulin resistance is the name used to refer to the cells ignoring the insulin.
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There's a sort of diabetes that pregnant women get when they are expectant called gestational diabetes. It will vanish when the pregnancy is over and can cause difficulties for the mom and infant, when it's not treated. The risk factors for type 2 diabetes include the family history of diabetes, old age, obesity, impaired glucose tolerance and physical inactivity. For type 1 diabetes the risk factors involve genetic and environmental factors.
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An individual should go to a doctor for a diagnosis if they think that they have diabetes. The symptoms involved include frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, extreme hunger, sudden vision changes and feeling tired most of the time. The skin may be dry and have sores that are slow to heal. For diabetes type 1 the symptoms can include vomiting or sharp stomach pains.
There are many things which will need to be done to control diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, healthy eating, physical activity, and insulin injections are the basic therapies. The quantities of insulin have to be balanced with food intake and daily activities. Patients with type 1 diabetes should have their blood sugar levels closely monitored. The basic therapies for type 2 diabetes have been physical activity, eating, and blood sugar testing.
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